By Dane S. Claussen, Ph.D., MBA
Manager of University Relations
Athena Study Abroad
“Photovoices of Urban Educational Leadership Students Abroad in Peru,” by W. Kyle Ingle and Detra Johnson, was published in the Spring 2019 issue of Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad.
Four graduate students in educational leadership participated in a two-week study abroad program, visiting schools and other sites in and around both Lima and Cusco, Peru. The authors note that very little research is conducted on graduate students study abroad, surely because of the limited numbers of graduate students who do. Students completed several written assignments, one employing photovoice methodology—students chose from among their own photographs of their time in Peru, and were asked to describe the photographs. All students were asked (three did) to tie photographs to Bolman and Deal’s Four Frames of organizations from their book, Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership, which the students had been assigned. Students submitted a total of 144 photos and 107 corresponding reflections; the authors apparently were satisfied with photovoice as a research method. Students had other assignments (including on-site journaling and a pre-departure reflection), one of which was a final paper on a leadership topic; all students compared “conditions and/or practices in the United States and Peru” in some way. Assignments were each graded using rubrics. Students said had “transformative” experiences, witnessing extreme poverty, the Roman Catholic Church’s role in education, and others. Ingle and Johnson noted their very small sample size and suggested that future studies examine “multiple cohorts” of participants, using both qualitative and quantitative evidence.